Prakara yang Perlu Dibuat Lepas Di ubuntu

1 – Expand the Software Repository List

Pertama sekali, mari kita membuat Ubuntu “melihat” lebih pakej. Pergi ke terminal dan mengedit sources.list anda dengan command:

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

Ini adalah isi dari source.list aku yang aku fikir cukup lengkap untuk memiliki semua aplikasi yang diperlukan anda. Jadi padam semua kandungan senarai sumber-sumber anda dan menggantikannya dengan isi source.list tadi.

Save. Sekarang import repositori yang diperlukan kunci untuk mengelakkan “apt-get” menangis tentang beberapa kunci yang hilang, pergi ke terminal dan taip:

sudo apt-key adv –recv-keys –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com DCF9F87B6DFBCBAE F9A2F76A9D1A0061 A040830F7FAC5991 2EBC26B60C5A2783

update sistem anda :

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

2 – Essential tools for compiling from sources

sudo apt-get install build-essential checkinstall cdbs devscripts dh-make fakeroot libxml-parser-perl check avahi-daemon

3 – Java runtime environment

Java adalah perkara yang sangat penting untuk dipasang, sekarang banyak program seperti Azureus memerlukannya untuk dijalankan. Jadi taip:

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs

4 – Multimedia

Windows equivalent : windows media player, real player, vlc, mplayer
Ubuntu equivalent : vlc, mplayer, helix player

* Installing vlc and mplayer (plays almost everything):

sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer

* Common packs

sudo apt-get install libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-0.7.4-dev

* Gstreammer 0.10

sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse totem-gstreamer

* More programs

sudo apt-get install gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools ubuntu-restricted-extras

* Enable dvd support

sudo apt-get install libdvdread4 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./install-css.sh

* Flash

sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree

5. Tweak your eyecandy

Ubuntu 10.10 datang dengan kesan compiz fusion tetapi tidak menawarkan cara untuk menyesuaikan mereka.
sudo apt-get install simple-ccsm

Sekarang pergi ke System → Preferences → Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager .

6 – Missing Windows software?? Run Windows softwares in Linux!!!

Install Playonlinux. Ini didasarkan pada wine. Wine adalah sebuah lapisan keserasian untuk menjalankan program Windows di Linux.

sudo apt-get install wine playonlinux

7 – Archiver/ Packing software

Windows equivalent : winrar, zip, 7zip
Ubuntu equivalent : tar, unrar, p7zip, arj, unace

sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

8 – Graphical web browser

Windows equivalent : Internet explorer, firefox, opera
Ubuntu equivalent : Firefox, opera, chromium
Opera

sudo apt-get install opera

Firefox (installed by default intrepid)

sudo apt-get install firefox

Chromium (open source equivalent of Google Chrome)

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser chromium-browser-l10n

9 – Graphical Email client

Windows equivalent : Outlook
Ubuntu equivalent : Evolution, Thunderbird
Evolution (installed by default in maverick)

sudo apt-get install evolution evolution-mapi

Access it through Applications → Internet → Evolution Mail .

Thunderbird

sudo apt-get install thunderbird

Access it through Applications → Internet → Mozilla Thunderbird Mail/News .

10 – Instant Messanging protocal clients

Windows equivalent : MSN messenger, Yahoo messenger, QQ, AIM, Gtalk, ICQ,IRC
Ubuntu equivalent : Empathy, Pidgin, emesene

Pidgin
Pidgin is an easy to use and free chat client used by millions. Connect to AIM, MSN, Yahoo, and more chat networks all at once. Supported chat networks: AIM, Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Google Talk, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, MSN, MySpaceIM, QQ, SILC, SIMPLE, Sametime, XMPP, Yahoo!, Zephyr

Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pidgin-developers/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :

sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-data pidgin-lastfm pidgin-guifications msn-pecan pidgin-musictracker pidgin-plugin-pack pidgin-themes

Access it through Applications → Internet → Pidgin Internet Messenger .

Emesene only for MSN Messenger.
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bjfs/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :
sudo apt-get install emesene

Access it through Applications → Internet → Emesene .

11 – VOIP

Windows equivalent : skype
Ubuntu equivalent : skype
Skype

sudo apt-get install skype

Access it through Applications → Internet → Skype.

12 – Viewing PDF files
Windows equivalent : Adobe Reader
Ubuntu equivalent : Adobe Reader
Adobe Reader

sudo apt-get install acroread

Access it through Applications → Office → Adobe Reader.

17– Adobe Air

wget http://airdownload.adobe.com/air/lin/download/latest/AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
chmod +x ./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
sudo ./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin

Access it through Applications → Accessories → Adobe Air Application Installer.

12 – Music / MP3 / OGG Players

Windows equivalent : iTunes, Winamp
Ubuntu equivalent : Rhythmbox, Banshee, Amarok

Rhythmbox

sudo apt-get install rhythmbox

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Rhythmbox Music Player.

Banshee

sudo apt-get install banshee banshee-extension-ubuntuonemusicstore banshee-extension-appindicator banshee-extension-lyrics banshee-extension-mirage

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Banshee Media Player.

Amarok

sudo apt-get install amarok amarok-common

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Amarok.

13– Hard Disk Partitions Manager
Windows equivalent : Symanted Partition Magic
Ubuntu equivalent : GParted

GParted

sudo apt-get install gparted ntfsprogs menu ntfs-config

Access it through System → Administration → Partition Editor.

14 – Vector Graphics Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Illustrator
Ubuntu equivalent : Inkscape

Inkscape

sudo apt-get install inkscape

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Inkscape Vector Graphics Editor.

15 – Image Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop, Paint.Net
Ubuntu equivalent : GIMP

GIMP
Add the launchpad repository :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:matthaeus123/mrw-gimp-svn && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :

sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras

Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

PINTA

Add the launchpad repository :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:moonlight-team/pinta && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :

sudo apt-get install pinta

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Pinta Image Editor.

16 – 3D Graphics Applications
Windows equivalent : 3D Studio MAX
Ubuntu equivalent : Blender

Blender

sudo apt-get install blender

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Blender (windowed).

17 – Development IDE
Windows equivalent : Dreamweaver
Ubuntu equivalent : Quanta, Kompozer, NetBeans

Quanta

sudo apt-get install quanta

Access it through Applications → Programming → Quanta Plus

Komposer

sudo apt-get install kompozer nvu

Access it through Applications → Internet → Kompozer

NetBeans

sudo apt-get install netbeans

Access it through Applications → Programming → NetBeans IDE

18 – Photo Management
Google Picasa

wget http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/pool/non-free/p/picasa/picasa_3.0-current_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i picasa_3.0-current_i386.deb

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Picasa → Picasa

19 – Map Viewing and Management
Google Earth

install dengan command:

sudo apt-get install googleearth

Now you can launch Google Earth from Application → Internet → Google Earth

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